Articles worth reading
Unlicensed Love

Unlicensed Love

access_time March 13, 2017

On a summer's day long, long ago I fell in love and I'll never know Just what it was that made me feel So drawn to her, what the appeal Th...

University of Ghana

University of Ghana

access_time March 14, 2017

The University of Ghana is the oldest and largest of the seven Ghanaian public universities. It is by far the most prestigious university in West Afri...

Death & Funerals

Death & Funerals

access_time March 14, 2017

  Death concludes the life cycle. It is considered a change from a physical life to a spiritual life. It

Forts In Ghana

Forts In Ghana

Forts In Ghana

access_time March 14, 2017 chat_bubble_outline 0 comments
shareShare this post

When the Portuguese first arrived in West Africa, like other European Adventurers in the New World they were interested in gold , ivory and other luxury products.   They and the Dutch, British, French and others who followed quickly came to realise that there was only one very profitable commodity in Africa – Slaves.   The islands of South and Central America and the North American mainland required large labour forces to exploit the silver mines and, more importantly, the tropical crops like sugar, coffee and cotton. From 1451 when the first cargo in this barbaric trade was shipped across the Atlantic until the early 1870’s when the slave trade came to an end, almost 10 million Africans arrived in the Americas.   This was one of the largest migrations, albeit forced, of people in history.   The peak of the trade was the 50 years from 1760 to 1810 by which time most of the European Nations had abolished the slave trade.   During these years almost 4 million Africans were taken away from their homelands.

READ ALSO:   Through the Hour Glass

Many of the African slaves came from the inland regions – from Senegal right round the bulge of West Africa to the Angolan region of West-central Africa.   The African middlemen who sold the slaves to the European traders on the coast prospered from the trade as did powerful raiding states such as Asante and Dahomey

There is no doubt that the slave trade increased the level of violence among many African peoples.   This is especially true of the Niger Delta region.   In a number of instances the resulting breakdown of social order led to increased interference and subsequent colonisation, by the Europeans who were responsible for the violence in the first place.

The map below shows the central coastal region of Ghana between Accra and Sekondi and indicates the approximate positions of the Forts (Factories), dates of building and “ownership” although subsequent wars would mean that these would often change hands.

READ ALSO:   Brazil's indigenous people fight for power

Fort Lijdzaamheid (‘Patience’) is a Dutch-built fort located in the township of Apam, in the Central Region of Ghana.

Commenced as a stone trading lodge in 1697, the lodge was later fortified to secure the Dutch state of Acorn, which was tenuously held between the two British-held territories of Fante & Agona in the modern-day Central Region of Ghana.

By 1721, the lodge had been converted into a defensive fortification, which sat on a craggy peninsula which juts out from the township to the south, offering a commanding view of Apam’s harbour to the north, and the Gulf Of Guinea coast to the south, east, and west.

Early in 1782, Captain Thomas Shirley in the 50-gun ship Leander and the sloop-of-war Alligator sailed to the Dutch Gold Coast. Britain was at war with The Netherlands and Shirley captured the small Dutch forts at Mouri (Fort Nassau – 20 guns), Kormantin (Courmantyne or Fort Amsterdam – 32 guns), Apam (Fort Lijdzaamheid or Fort Patience – 22 guns), Senya Beraku (Berku or Fort Barracco – 18 guns), and Accra (Fort Creve Cour – 32 guns).

READ ALSO:   Elmina Castle

Other forts in Ghana are:

* Fort Saint Antony, Axim

* English Fort (Fort Vrendenburg), Komenda

* Fort Metal Cross, Dixcove

* Fort San Sebastian, Shama

* Fort Batenstein, Butri

* Fort St. Jago (Fort Conraadsburg), Elmina

* Fort Amsterdam, Abandze

* Fort Good Hope (Fort Goedehoop), Senya Beraku

shareShare this post
folder_openAssigned tags
content_copyCategorized under

No Comments

comment No comments yet

You can be first to leave a comment

Submit an answer

info_outline

Your data will be safe!

Your e-mail address will not be published. Also other data will not be shared with third person.