Headmistress and primary school students of Kentikrono Primary School, GhanaThe Republic of Ghana has 12,630 primary schools, 5,450 junior secondary s...
Headmistress and primary school students of Kentikrono Primary School, GhanaThe Republic of Ghana has 12,630 primary schools, 5,450 junior secondary schools, 503 senior secondary schools, 21 training colleges, 18 technical institutions, two diploma-awarding institutions and five universities serving a population of 18 million; this means that most Ghanaians have relatively easy access to good education. In contrast, at the time of independence in 1957, Ghana had only one university and a handful of secondary schools. In addition, research in the Ga District has found that approximately 15% of the children in Ga attended private schools unrecognised by the government. In the past decade, Ghana's spending on education has been between 28 percent and 40 percent of its annual budget. However, according to Odeneho Ababio, President of the National House of Chiefs, many children only have access to basic education because of the private schools in their communities.
Primary and middle school education is free and it is planned that it will be mandatory when enough teachers and facilities are available to accommodate all students. Pupils are enrolled in a nursery school and kindergarten prior to their 6-year primary education at age six. Under educational reforms implemented in 1987, they pass into a new junior secondary school system for 3 years of academic training combined with technical and vocational training, where they pass a Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE).
Those wishing to continue with their education move into the 3-year senior secondary school program. Most of the senior secondary schools provide boarding facilities in which most of the students use. Students select courses leading them to courses they may offer in the universities like General arts, General Science, Visual Arts and may other courses offered. At the end of the 3-year course in the senior secondary schools students are required to write an exam called West African Senior Secondary Certificate Exam(WASSCE). Other international exams are also taken such as SAT, TOEFL and IELTS. Entrance to universities is by examination following completion of senior secondary school. School enrollment totals almost 2 million: 1.3 million primary; 107,600 middle; 48,900 secondary; 21,280 technical; 11,300 teacher training; and 5,600 university.
Ghana Institute of Languages is one of the oldest Institutes to learn foreign languages.It is has three branches in Accra,Kumasi and Tamale.In Accra the Institute is situated in Adabraka ,in the old campus of Workers college not far from TUC.The Institute consists of three schools;the school of Languages,the school of Bilingual Secretary,and the school of Translation. Seven foreign modern languages are learned there, namely English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish, Russian and Arabic. The institute has about 2,000 students in the academic year 2008.
There is currently an on-going educational reform in Ghana, and teaching is mainly in English, Ghana's official language.